Have you ever wondered where all these confusing words come from? The good answer is that they are all types of lawyers that originated from different legal systems. Some of the terms are from the English legal system, some from Scotland and some from the American legal system.
An attorney is someone legally authorized to represent, or act on their behalf, another person.
A lawyer is someone who can give legal advice and is trained in law.
Are attorney and lawyer synonymous? Basically yes, but they are not necessarily interchangeable words, for example you cannot say I give you a power of attorney, but you can certainly say I give you power of attorney. ..
Look at the above definitions again, does it make any sense now? Of course it does.
An attorney is actually an agent who does business under authority that is governed and limited by a written document called a letter of attorney or power of attorney given by the principal. An advocate at law is an officer of a court of law authorized to represent the person employing him (the client) in legal proceedings.
a lawyerOne who solicits, especially one who seeks trade or contribution. The chief law officer of a city, town, or government department, but does not act as a lawyer in court, as opposed to an attorney practicing in court. (English law).
a barrister(called an advocate in Scotland) presents the case in court. The most senior and distinguished barrister is designated as King’s Counsel.
a counselor at law– In the past at least in some US states there was a distinction between the term A Counsel at Law who argued a case in court and a lawyer who prepared a case but did not argue it.
Nowadays a lawyer is authorized to exercise all the functions of a practicing lawyer. However, all of them must be admitted to the Bar as ordinary advocates. The term attorney is also used for county, state, and federal prosecuting officers as county attorney, district attorney, and attorney general.
Lawyers, also known as lawyers, act as both advocates and advisors in our society. As advocates, they represent a party in criminal and civil trials by presenting evidence and arguing in court to support their client. As advisors, lawyers advise their clients about their legal rights and obligations and suggest particular courses of action in business and personal matters. Although all lawyers are licensed to represent parties in court, some lawyers have to appear in court more often than others. Trial lawyers, who specialize in trial work, must be able to think quickly and speak with ease and authority. In addition, familiarity with court rules and tactics is particularly important in trial work. Nevertheless, trial lawyers spend most of their time outside the courtroom, conducting research, interviewing clients and witnesses, and handling other details in preparation for trial.
Types of Lawyers:
The legal system affects almost every aspect of our society, from buying a home to crossing the street. Lawyers hold a position of great responsibility and are bound to follow a strict code of conduct.
The more detailed aspects of a lawyer’s job depend on his or her area of expertise and position. Although all lawyers are licensed to represent parties in court, some lawyers have to appear in court more often than others.
Lawyers can specialize in many different areas such as bankruptcy, probate, international, or elder law. Those specializing in environmental law, for example, may represent public interest groups, waste disposal companies or construction firms in their dealings with the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and other federal and state agencies. These lawyers help clients prepare and file applications for licenses and approvals before certain activities take place. In addition, they represent the interests of clients in administrative decisions.
Some attorneys concentrate in the growing field of intellectual property, helping clients protect copyright claims, artwork under contract, product designs and computer programs. Still other lawyers advise insurance companies about the legality of insurance transactions, how to write insurance policies in line with the law, and how to protect companies from unfair claims.
Most attorneys are found in private practice, where they focus on either criminal or civil law. In criminal law, lawyers represent persons who have been accused of crimes and argue their cases in courts of law. Attorneys dealing with civil law assist clients with litigation, wills, trusts, contracts, mortgages, titles and leases. Other attorneys handle only public interest cases – civil or criminal – that can have ramifications far beyond the individual client.
These issues may include patents, government regulations, and contracts with other companies, property interests, or collective-bargaining agreements with unions.
Other lawyers work for legal aid societies – private, non-profit organizations established to serve the disadvantaged. These lawyers generally handle civil matters rather than criminal matters. Law schools employ a relatively small number of trained lawyers.
Real-life situations have created “characteristics” according to business profitability. This is how terms like Vioxx Lawyer, DUI Lawyer, Lemon Law Lawyer, Structured Settlements Lawyer and others came about.